Revamped by Will Ferrall
3
Using Research

Citing E-mails and Interviews
Examples

Citing an E-mail:

MLA:

Cuomo, Rivers. "Re: Web Tutorial." E-mail to the author. 6 Jan. 2008.

APA:

E-mail messages are cited within the text of your paper and are not included in the bibliography. Therefore, for example, in your paper you would include:

Rivers Cuomo (personal communication, Jan. 6, 2008) e-mailed that he found the web tutorial to be rather droll.

Citing an Interview

MLA:

Busey, Gary. Telephone interview. 9 May. 2008.

Busey, Gary.  Interview.  Martha Stewart Living.  KERA, Dallas.  23 May 2008. 

APA:

Personal (unpublished) interviews are cited within the text of your paper and are not included in the bibliography. Therefore, for example, in your paper you would include:

Gary Busey (personal communication, May. 9, 2008) said in a telephone interview that he believed that, if eaten with low-calorie Ranch dressing, the web tutorial would enable him to fly.

Published interviews, such as those on TV, can be done as follows:

Bush, George. (2008, June 6). [Interview with James Lipton, host of Inside the Actor's Studio]. Marian Wright Edelman: Bush leaving kids behind . Retrieved October 24, 2008, from NPR Web site: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4120281.

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