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Additional Info
Glossary

Abstract:  a brief summary of an article or other publication that provides information regarding the content.

Bibliography:  a list of resources on a particular topic or used by an author when writing a book or article.  Usually found at the end of a chapter or a scholarly article.

Biographical:  information about a person, provides profiles of people.   An autobiography is information about a person, written by that person.

Boolean Operator:  a term used to combine search terms.  Typical boolean operators are AND, OR, and NOT.  AND narrows a search, OR expands a search, and NOT excludes terms from the search.

Citation or Cite:  to Cite a source or to write a citation, means to indicate the author, title, and other pertinent information necessary for someone else to be able to find the same item.  It also gives the author credit for his or her work.   It is important to cite your sources from all types of resources, including the Internet.  MLA, APA, and other organizations provide directions for how to cite resources using their formats.

Copyright: an indication of ownership of intellectual property, including words, musical notes, drawings, and other creative expressions of ideas.

Database:  an electronic or computerized list of books, articles, and other publications.

Full image:  the actual article.  Usually requires a program to load it, such as Adobe Acrobat.   It will look and be formatted the same as when the article was published in paper format.  May take a while to load, depending on your computer's speed.

Full text:  the actual article.   It will not look or be formatted the same as the article when it was published in paper form.  Sometimes the graphics, illustrations, and charts are not available.   

Government Publications:  many libraries, including the Courtright Memorial Library, are a Federal Document Depository.   This means that we are sent a percentage of the items published by the United States Government.  These publications are on a wide variety of information.   The U.S. Federal Government is one of the largest publishers in the world.  At Otterbein University, we receive approximately 19% of what the federal government produces.   These items are located on the 2nd floor of the library.

Internet: is a network of networks, linking computers to other computers. The Internet is a transport vehicle for the information stored on computers throughout the world.

Keyword:  a word or phrase you can use to find information in books and electronic resources.  The keyword relates to the main subject.

Link:  a word, group of words, or images that connect (or link) you to another resource on the Internet.   The link is usually underlined or may be highlighted in some way. 

Objective: Impartial, not influenced by personal opinion.

OhioLINK:  a network of state supported 2-year and 4-year colleges and universities and a growing number of private institutions (including Otterbein, as a member of OPAL).

Online or Electronic:  information found on a computer or on the campus network.   Often the information found on computers is said to be in "machine readable form" meaning that a computer can "read" it.

OPAL:  the Otterbein University Courtright Memorial Library's online catalog.  The catalog is composed of information from 21 private colleges throughout Ohio. 

Pamphlets:  at the Courtright Memorial Library they are housed in black file cabinets on the 2nd floor (against the wall near the West emergency exit). Pamphlets are housed in cabinets that are often called the Vertical File.  Pamphlets are published or unpublished works on a topic, usually in a few pages (they are arranged alphabetically by broad subject). The library also has company annual reports in these cabinets (arranged alphabetically by company).

Peer Reviewed: the process of using an expert (or group of experts) in the topic area to edit articles or book chapters prior to publication.

Periodicals:  magazines, serials, newspapers, journals, standing orders.  Libraries call anything that is received on a regular basis a periodical.  They include magazines like Sports Illustrated or journals such as Journal of Marriage and the Family.  

Plagiarism:  to use the words written or ideas expressed by someone else as your own.

Popular publications:  a resource is popular, if it includes:

Primary resource:  a item is considered a primary resource if it is published at the time the event occurred by someone involved in the event.  For historical events, a primary resource on Abraham Lincoln   would be either one written by Lincoln or by someone who knew Lincoln.  Scientific research is often a primary resource if it is written by the scientist who did the research and it includes information such as methods, materials, discussion, results, and conclusion. 

Record: an item in a database.  In music, it is a sound recording (a 33 1/3 rpm vinyl  record).

References:  the items which are referred to in a bibliography.

Resources:   books, magazines, videos, CDs, web sites, etc.; in other words any item found in a library or available through the library.

Scholarly publications:  a resource is scholarly, if it includes:

Secondary resource:  an item is considered a secondary resource if it is written about an event after it occurred.   Examples of a secondary resource would be a newsmagazine, such as Time or Newsweek when they report on a particular event or topic after the fact.

Statistical resource: provides numeric and tabular data.  Many good statistical resources are available in the Reference area, as well as on the Web, especially from the Federal Government.

Subject heading: a word or phrase used to describe the subject of an item.  They are selected from a "thesaurus" such as the Library of Congress Subject Headings.

Subjective:  influenced by personal opinion.

Synonyms: different words that have similar or exactly the same meaning.

Wildcards: a symbol (for example * or $ or ?) allocated by a search engine to allow broader searches. It is typically used within the spelling or at the end of a word. For example: Child* may find: Children, childhood, childlike.

World Wide Web: the WWW incorporates all Internet services. You can retrieve documents, view images, animation, and video, listen to sound files, speak and hear voices, and view programs that run on practically any software in the world, providing your computer has the hardware and software to do these things. When you log onto the Internet using Firefox or Microsoft's Internet Explorer or some other browser, you are viewing documents on the World Wide Web.

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